Belajar Bahasa Inggris

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Lewat Internet

Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 8

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KOSAKATA

  • annoy (kata kerja) = menjengkelkan
  • ball = bola
  • bear (kata kerja) = menahan/menderita
  • bee = lebah
  • be born (kata kerja) = dilahirkan
  • be burried in (idiomatic and literal) = tenggelam dalam (arti kiasan dan harfiah)
  • break up = menghentikan
  • club (for hitting ball) = tongkat (untuk memukul bola)
  • crime = kejahatan
  • defeat (kata benda) dan (kata kerja) = mengalahkan, kekalahan
  • determination = kemantapan
  • discussion = pembicaraan
  • divorce (kata kerja) = bercerai
  • exaggerate (kata kerja) = membesar-besarkan
  • false teeth = gigi palsu
  • freeze (kata kerja) = membeku
  • fresh = segar
  • game (kata kerja) = pertandingan
  • golf = golf
  • golfer = pemain golf
  • gossip = desas-desus/kabar angin
  • headline = berita utama
  • kiss (kata kerja) dan (kata benda) = mencium, ciuman
  • news item = berita
  • newspaper = surat kabar
  • obviuosly = jelas
  • print (kata benda) = cetakan
  • recent = baru-baru ini
  • report (kata benda) = laporan, berita
  • ridiculoous = menggelikan
  • sensational = menggemparkan
  • steal (kata kerja) = mencuri
  • sting (kata kerja) = menyengat
  • swear (kata kerja) = bersumpah
  • swing (kata kerja) = mengayunkan
  • tear (kata kerja) = merobek
  • trivial = sepele, kurang penting
  • wear (kata kerja) = mengenakan
  • win (kata kerja) = menang

UNGKAPAN

  • To be broke (bahasa percakapan). (Tidak punya uang). Contoh: I haven’t a penny. I’m broke.
  • To be stung by e defeat (or by what someone says or does). [Terpukul oleh kekalahan (atau oleh apa yang dikatakan atau dilakukan orang lain)]. Contoh: I was so stung by his words that I struck him in the face.
  • All the same — nevertheless. (Walaupun begitu). Contoh: He was ill but he worked hard all the time.
  • To break up a discussion, meeting, dan sebagainya. (Menghentikan suatu pembicaraan, rapat). Contoh: We met at 6.00 p.m. and broke up the discussion at 8.00.

PERCAKAPAN

Barbara dan Harry, Pamela dan Peter sedang membicarakan surat kabar yang mereka baca, selama mereka duduk di ruang depan Hotel Leicester.

Barbara: Oh, these newspaper headlines are difficult to understand. Listen, what does this one mean? “Broke — Stole Frozen Food?”

Peter: It means the man was broke: he had no money, so he stole some frozen food — food that is frozen to keep it fresh.

Barbara: Oh, I see — but listen to this: “Stung by defeat!” “Obviously stung by his defeat yesterday, Smithers swung and struck with great determination and finaly won this afternoon.

Peter: Oh, Smithers is a golfer: it means that stung or annoyed by his recent he swung his club and struck the ball in very detemined way this afternoon and won the game.

Harry: You’re certainly clever at headlines, Peter. What newspaper are you reading?

Peter: I’ve choosen the Guardian this morning. After reading some of the newspaper Mother’s got there, I swore I’d never do so again.

Pamela: Oh, don’t exaggerate. They’re not as bad as that.

Barbara: But listen to this. What on earth does it mean? “Twenty and Never been Kissed.”

Peter: It means that the girl is twenty years old and that she’s never been kissed.

Barbara: What a ridiculous news item! I agree with Peter. Some newspaper really trivial — full of gosip, divorce and crime.

Harry : All the same you’ve certainly been buried in them for the last quarter of an hour!

Barbara : That isn’t true! The only good thing that you can say about these newspaper is that the print and pictures excellent. Listen, here’s a sensational report about a man who stole his brother’s false teeth.

Harry : You see, it does interest you —

Peter: No, but many English papers are excellent. If you read the Times or the Guardian or …..

Harry: I think we should break up this discussion.

Pamela: Yes, what are we going to do this morning? You spoke of going to see someone, Mr. Sallis.

Harry: Yes — I think I’ll phone this business friend of mine.

Pamela: Would you like to see some of the shops with me, Mrs. Sallis?

Barbara: That’s very kind of you. Could we go to the one where you bought that lovely dress you’re wearing? I liked the one you wore yesterday too.

Pamela: All, right —

Barbara: After reading those newspaper, I feel that everyone we meet will either be divorced or wearing someone else’s teeth.

Pamela: You ought to read some different newspapers tomorrow.

CATATAN
KATA KERJA TIDAK BERATURAN

Anda barangkali berpendapat bahwa kata kerja tidak beraturan itu sukar dipelajari, tetapi tanpa kata-kata kerja tersebut tidak mungkin kita bisa berbicara dalam bahasa Inggris dengan baik. Sebab itu sebagian besar dari pelajaran ini kita gunakan untuk membahas kata kerja tidak beraturan, untuk memberikan latihan-latihan lebih lanjut bagi anda.

Sebagian besar dari kata kerja tidak beraturan tergolong pada group tertentu yang dapat dikenal dengan mudah, ditinjau dari bentuk pas tense dan past participle-nya. Sebagai contoh, inilah daftar dari tiga belas kata kerja tidak beraturan yang tersusun dalam tiga kelompok. Dalam kelompok I bentuk lampau dan bentuk selesai sama. Dalam kelompok II bentuk selesai, berakhiran -en, dalam kelompok III berakhiran n(e).

I PRESENT PAST PERFECT
to sting I sting I stung I have stung
to strike I strike I struck I have struck
to swing I swing I swung I have swung
to win I win I won I have won
II
to break I break I broke I have broken
to choose I choose I chose I have chosen
to freeze I freeze I froze I have frozen
to speak I speak I speak I have spoken
to steal I steal I stole I have stolen
III
to bear I bear I bore I have borne
to swear I swear I swore I have swore
to tear I tear I tore I have torn
to wear I wear I wore I have worn

ARTI KIASAN

Perhatikan perbedaan antara kata-kata kerja berikut yang dipakai dalam arti harfiah dan yang dipakai dalam bahasa sehari-hari:

Broke

  • Harfiah : The boy broke the window.
  • Kiasan  : As he spends a lot and earns a little he is broke.

Break up

  • Harfiah : Please break up the chocolate into pieces.
  • Kiasan  : The police will break up the meeting.

Stung

  • Harfiah : He was stung by a bee.
  • Kiasan  : He was stung by his enemy’s insults.

TO BE BORN

Ini adalah kata kerja yang sukar dalam bahasa Inggris. Sesudahnya kata kerja ini adalah bentuk pasif dari kata kerja dasar bear, tetapi dalam hal ini bentuk participle-nya ditulis tanpa e:

Born

  • He was born in 1926.
  • Many children were born after the war.

KATA DEPAN

  • Difficult to understand.
  • To be clever (good) at something.
  • the good thing about this newspaper.
  • to agree with someone.
  • to be buried in a newspaper.
  • a report about a man.
  • to speak of doing something.

LATIHAN

1. Sempurnakan kalimat-kalimat berikut dengan memasukkan kata depan yang betul:

  1. The odd man was buried …. his newspaper and didn’t hear me.
  2. I don’t agree …. what you say.
  3. She’s real beauty and is also good …. her work.
  4. This report …. the divorce is exaggerated.
  5. He is always getting …. trouble.
  6. Please protect him …. his enemy.
  7. I agree …. help you …. time …. time.
  8. Were you speaking …. my new book.

2. Tuliskan bentuk lampau yang betul dari kata kerja dalam kalimat-kalimat di bawah. NB bentuk selesai sekarang atau bentuk lampau:

  1. He (to strike) the ball with great strenght and (to win) the game just before lunch.
  2. The water just (to freeze).
  3. The day before I (to be born) my mother was (to sting) by a bee.
  4. He (to choose) all the right answers at the exam.
  5. They (to steal) my money before the meeting (to break up), and I was really (to break).
  6. Yesterday, we (to swear) to help you and we will. (2 macam jawaban).
  7. I’am affraid I (to tear) the newspaper so it is difficult to read.
  8. The golfer (to win) one game and is playing the next.
  9. She (to bear) the news of her husband’s defeat well, at first.
  10. He (to swing) his stick and hit them.


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Written by 5jtpbln

October 9, 2010 at 4:24 am

Posted in Pelajaran

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