Belajar Bahasa Inggris

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Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 40

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KOSAKATA

  • bowler-hat = topi bowler
  • brief-case = tas
  • the Continent = Benua Eropa
  • charity = amal
  • habit (costum) = kebiasaan (adat)
  • height = ketinggian
  • hydrogen = hidrogen
  • land (on) (kata kerja) = mendarat
  • museum = museum
  • peer (noble) = bangsawan
  • plum (kata sifat) = gemuk
  • point (at) (kata kerja) = menunjuk
  • puncture (kata kerja) = mengeluarkan udaranya
  • radical (kata sifat) = radikal
  • responsible = bertanggung jawab
  • rumoured (to be) = dikabarkan (diisyukan)
  • skywards = menuju ke angkasa
  • sum (money) = sejumlah (uang)
  • various = bermacam-macam
  • vast = besar sekali
  • youth (young man) = pemuda

UNGKAPAN

  • To earth. (Ke bumi). Contoh It fell to earth.
  • A thing of the past. (Berlalu, peristiwa masa lalu). Contoh: Let us hope that was will soon be a thing of the past.
  • In the interest of ….. (Demi kepentingan……). Contoh: He worked in the interests of his country.
  • Mr. Sallis is reposted to be ……. (Tuan Sallis dikabarkan ….. ). Contoh: The ship is reported to be arriving tomorrow.
  • Of his own. (Sendiri). Contoh: I think you should buy a house of your own.

BERITA SURAT KABAR

Pandangan ke masa depan! Kutipan dari surat kabar Inggris beberapa tahun sesudah payung Harry yang bisa menggembung dipasarkan.

In England, yesterday, villagers were amazed to see a number of youths floating over a field. The youths, it appeared, had inflated their fathers’ umbrella with hydrogen and as a result were borne skywards. Luckily, there were not as many casualities as there might have been. One boy let go his umbrella and landed on a cow from a height of about ten feet, and another ended up in a pond. The others, however, returned safely to earth by puncturing their umbrellas before they had risen very far.

By now, no Englishman is without his inflatable umbrella, manufactured by the firm Sallis & Son. Indeed, the rolled umbrella is so much a thing of the past that saveral may be found in various London museums behind glass cases to the gread amusement of visiting small children who, pointing at them, have been heard to ask: “What’s that, Mummy?”

English business men still wear bowler-hats but look somehow rather helpless with nothing but a brief-case in their hands. In the interests of tradition, however, many business men carry inflatable umbrellas instead of putting them in their pockets.

Plum and dark-haired Mr. Sallis, who is the person responsible for this radical change in English habits, came over to London from the Continent some years ago. He has now bought an enormous house near the coast and gives vast sums to charity every year. It is rumoured he may soon become a peer. Strangely enough, though, Mr. Sallis is reported to be without an umbrella of his own. These days, he drives everywhere in one of his saveral large Rolls Royces, and therefore, it seems, he never really needs one.

CATATAN
LET GO

Perhatikan phrasa kata kerja to let go (i.e., release). Disini go dipakai dengan cara yang sama seperti partikel kata keterangan: bisa diletakkan sebelum atau sesudah kata benda yang mengikutinya. I let go the umbrella atau I let the umbrella go atau I let go of the umbrella. Tetapi go harus diletakkan dibelakang kata ganti: I let it go. Let go dalam arti ini harap jangan dikacaukan dengan dua kata kerja terpisah let+go. (He let him go to the cinema — Ia membiarkannya pergi ke bioskop.)

SKYWARDS

Barangkali anda ingat dari Pelajaran 26 bahwa akhiran -wards menunjukkan arah: downloads — ke bawah, upwards — ke atas; dan sebagainya. -wards boleh juga dipakai sesudah beberapa kata benda: skywards, seawards, homewards; dan sebagainya.

SAVERAL, VARIOUS

Perhatikan perbedaan antara various dan saveral. Jika anda menggunakan saveral, anda hanya menunjukkan jumlah benda atau barang yang tidak tentu. Jika anda menggunakan various anda menekankan perbedaannya:

  • I shall wait for saveral days.
  • I heard various opinions on this question.
  • He smoked saveral cigarettes.
  • He smoke various English and American cigarettes.

NOTHING BUT

Perhatikan bahwa but bisa berarti except dalam keadaan-keadaan tertentu, terutama dibelakang kata-kata misalnya: all, everyone, everything; nothing; nobody; anything; anybody; dan sebagainya.

  • Everyone but you arrived on time.
  • Nobody but you would behave like that.
  • He would do anything but that.

PERTANYAAN-PERTANYAAN ULANGAN

Pertama-tama ulangilah Pelajaran 27 — 30. Kemudian cobalah jawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan di bawah ini. Seandainya anda tidak bisa menjawab, ulangi pelajaran-pelajaran yang berhubungan dengan itu.

1. Commercial terms (Istilah-istilah dagang)

An inflatable umbrella manufactured by Sallis & Son.

Masih ingatkah anda singkatan untuk Company dan Limited dalam bahasa Inggris? Bagaimanakah menutup surat dagang yang umum? (Pelajaran 29).

2. So

The rolled umbrella is so much a thing of the past.

Perhatikan so much a thing. Anda ingat, So dipakai untuk memberi tekanan pada kata sifat atau kata keterangan. Sebutkan empat kata kerja dimana so dipakai untuk menekankan kembali apa yang sudah diucapkan. Bagaimana dengan penggunaan such? Apa arti dari such as? (Pelajaran 36).

3. May

Saveral may be found.

Jika anda ingin membentuk infinitif dalam arti may, kata kerja apa yang anda pakai? Apakah anda menambahkan ‘s’ pada orang ketiga tunggal dari bentuk present may? (Pelajaran 31).

4. Might

There were not as many casualties as there might have been.

Apakah perbedaan antara may dan might bila digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan? Dalam dua situasi yang manakah might have bisa dipakai? (Pelajaran 32).

5. Adverbial particles (Partikel kata keterangan)

Another ended up in a pond.

Up disini, adalah partikel kata keterangan. Bila pelengkapnya adalah kata ganti, dimanakah partikel kata keterangan harus diletakkan? Berilah beberapa contoh dari penggunaan on dan over sebagai partikel kata keterangan. (Pelajaran 37).

6. No.

No Englishman is without an inflatable umbrella.

Dengan kata sifat dalam bentuk komparatif yang manakah no bisa dipakai? Kata benda jenis apa yang harus kita pakai dengan no sebagai pengganti not dalam kalimat negatif? (Pelajaran 34).

7. Adjectives — Nouns

Plump dan dark-haired.

Dark-haired: Kapan dan bagaimana kata sifat bisa dibentuk dengan cara ini? Berilah beberapa contoh mengenai penggunaan kata sifat sebagai kata benda. (Pelajaran 39).

8. Compound nouns

business man         glass case         brief case         bowler-hat

Apakah perbedaan yang umum antara tekanan pada kata-kata benda yang digabungkan menjadi satu, langsung atau dengan tanda hubung, dan kata-kata benda yang hanya diletakkan satu sesudah yang lainnya? (Pelajaran 39).

ULANGAN

Setelah mempelajari Pelajaran 27 — 39, cobalah mengerjakan soal-soal ulangan berikut. Untuk masing-masing jawaban yang betul anda mendapat nilai satu dengan kemungkinan total 120. Jika anda hanya mendapat kurang dari 60, berarti anda harus mengulangi pelajaran-pelajaran itu lagi dengan seksama.

1. Isikanlah kata depan atau partikel kata keterangan yang betul ke dalam kalimat-kalimat berikut:

  1. The train came …….. the rails as a result of the accident.
  2. The question of where he was yesterday came …….. in the conversation.
  3. Because of his illness all his plans fell ……..
  4. Now that the lesson is …….. we can go and have lunch.
  5. We were …….. holidays when his letter arrived.
  6. The party’s new ideas caught …….. rapidly and they won many by-elections.
  7. The police searched the house thoroughly …….. the stolen goods.
  8. Mr. Smith put $1.000 …….. my firm.
  9. Now that he has a new job, things are certainly looking …….
  10. Many houses seem to be ……. sale now.
  11. Will you look …….. the whole matter for me?
  12. There were ……. least twenty people there.
  13. The book was so interesting that he read ……. all night.
  14. When we got out of taxi the meter had clocked ……. sixty pence.
  15. I came ……. to England from America last week.
  16. We must be ……. now as we have to catch a bus.
  17. He is responsible ……. everything that has gone wrong.
  18. As they are rich the always travel ……. aeroplane.
  19. The inventor hit ……. a new way of making electric fires.
  20. There’s a wonderful film ……. at the village hall.
  21. She cried when she saw him ……. at the station.
  22. I’m sure his plans will work ……. in the end.
  23. You’re old-fashioned. You must keep ……. with the times.
  24. The empty lorries has arrived and they were loading ……. the furniture.
  25. The writer had difficulty ……. getting his book accepted.
  26. The football hit him ……. the face.
  27. The millionaire invested ……. the new firm.
  28. His car ran ……. a mouse and killed it.
  29. The lorry ran ……. a house.
  30. There are many different makes of radio ……. the market.

2. Isikanlah dengan kata kerja yang betul: say, tell, speak atau talk. Sesuaikan dengan kalimatnya:

  1. He ……. me a lot about her yesterday.
  2. You should ……. over the whole question with her.
  3. ……. her not to come this evening.
  4. The engineer ……. just now that he couldn’t work hard.
  5. I can’t ……. the difference between these two houses.
  6. When he ……. English he always looks worried.
  7. I must ……. that I think he is wrong.
  8. He is always nonsense.
  9. I can’t ……. you how glad I am that you’ve come.
  10. “I don’t feel like work today.” he …….

3. Isikanlah satu diantara kata-kata berikut yang cocok: to use; to be used to; to get used to; used to. Sesuaikanlah dengan artinya:

  1. I can’t ……. living abroad.
  2. The manager ……. not ……. being talked to like that.
  3. Although he has just bought a car he never ……. it.
  4. When we were in Germany we ……. eat breakfast at eight.
  5. The writer ……. eating alone.
  6. When you are ……. to your new job I’m sure you will like it.
  7. Don’t ……. my typewriter. You have one of your own.
  8. The film star has ……. staying in big hotels.

4. Ubahlah kata-kata kerja dalam kurung menjadi bentuk yang betul:

  1. Where did you get your suit (to make)?
  2. Of course she is looking forward to (meet) him.
  3. The officer told the soldier (to fetch) his car.
  4. Unfortunatelly he’s not used to (to eat) so early.
  5. I think she might (to tell) me yesterday!
  6. If only you (to think) of it before!
  7. It would be no good (to try) to do it now.
  8. I (to ring) him up many times in the last few days.
  9. Excuse my (to say) this but I think it is necessary.
  10. He may (to think) we were coming last week.
  11. The couple used (to walk) by the sea every morning.
  12. If only he (to be) certain! Unfortunately, he can’t remember.

5. Pilihlah jawaban yang benar dari jawaban-jawaban yang ada dalam kurung:

  1. At the end of a business letter you should write (Yours sincerelly/ Yours faithfully/ Yours/ Yours ever).
  2. When writing to a company or firm and not an individual you should begin your letter (Dear Sir/ Dear Mr. /Dear Sirs /Dears Messrs.).
  3. The address of the firm you are writing to should be put (on the left /on the right /in the middle) of the page.
  4. In the address the name of the country you are writing to should come (first/ last/ in the middle).
  5. The abbreviatioin of “and Company Limited” is (& Comp. Lmtd./ & Co. Ltd/ & Coy. Ltd.).

6. Sisipkan some, any, no, not, atau none yang cocok:

  1. Can you give me ……. more bread please?
  2. There are ……. cigarettes here so I can’t give you any.
  3. How many pears have you bought? ……. There weren’t any in the shops.
  4. You can have ……. diamond you like.
  5. ……. even one of these electric fire works.
  6. ……. of the people we invited came, and the house was sad and empty.
  7. What nonsense! Are ……. of you trying to be funny? Well stop it!
  8. The managers is ……. fool.
  9. Unfortunately Peter look the last one and there are ……. left.
  10. ……. town is as beautiful as the one in which I live.

7. Gantilah kata-kata yang dicetak tebal dengan salah satu kata kerja berikut dan partikel kata keterangan yang sesuai: let, leave, get. Sesuaikan kata kerja dan urutan katanya bila diperlukan:

Contoh: He descended from the rain.
He got down from the rain.

  1. We rose at seven.
  2. He took his hands off the steering wheel.
  3. The politicians omitted an important word in his speech.
  4. The secretary forgot to take her umbrella.
  5. I must be off now.
  6. Can you admit us please?
  7. Will you finish all your work by this evening?
  8. The bird escaped.

8. Isilah dengan like, as, so atau such:

  1. The profits went up ……. he said they would.
  2. His kindness was ……. that he gave them everything he had.
  3. My love is ……. a red, red rose.
  4. He asked me to write the letter but I had already done …….
  5. ……. people never think of others.

9. Pakailah either sebagai pengganti neither atau neither sebagai ganti either dalam kalimat-kalimat berikut, ubahlah urutan katanya bila diperlukan:

  1. He doesn’t like cigars and I don’t either.
  2. Either cup will do.
  3. The official hasn’t arrived and neither has the officer.
  4. I’m sure that neither you nor your friend is responsible.
  5. The house wasn’t beautiful and neither was the garden.

10. Letakkan kata depan atau partikel kata keterangan berikut pada tempat yang benar. Jika ada dua kemungkinan, tuliskan kedua-duanya:

  1. (over) The little girl knocked the glass.
  2. (on) Don’t put it.
  3. He gave everything I had lent him during the last five years.
  4. (over) He poured water it.
  5. (over) I’m going to France very soon.

11. Letakkan idiom-idiom berikut dalam kalimat yang sesuai: to come in with; againts your will; to fall through; things are looking up; a thing of the past; few and far between; a safe constituency; as long as; to hit upon; to come off.

  1. ……. Now that you have more money everything will be all right.
  2. Do ……. us! We should like to have you in our firm and you will only have to invest a small amount of capital.
  3. If you do it ……. you will not enjoy it. You must want to do it if is to be successful.
  4. This is a very ……. and I’m sure he will be elected.
  5. ……. you go on being rude to him he will dislike you.
  6. I don’t think this novel quite ……. It is well-written but the endings is bad.
  7. The inventor ……. the right answer after a lot of work.
  8. Unfortunatelly, poverty is not yet …….
  9. His plans for going to the theatre ……. because his wife was ill.
  10. In England big rivers are …….

12. Kata-kata dalam kurung di bawah ini ada yang cocok dan ada pula yang tidak cocok dengan kalimatnya. Perbaikilah yang tidak cocok:

  1. The two soldiers fought very (hardly).
  2. I don’t think you were quite (fair).
  3. He arrived at the party very (lately).
  4. Your dinners smells very (well).
  5. We (hardly) ever go the cinema.
  6. She sang (prettily) well.

13. Pakailah kata-kata kerja dalam kurung sebagai kata sifat, ubahlah dengan menyisipkan tanda penghubung bila diperlukan:

  1. Would you mind going into the (to draw) room.
  2. Afterwards he wasn’t prepared to pay the (to agree) price.
  3. He has an (to irritate) way of going to sleep when I talk to him.
  4. I met him at the fair near the (to shoot) gallery.
  5. She tired to mend her (to break) doll.
  6. The (to fall) aeroplane was burning as it came out of the clouds.

 

Written by 5jtpbln

November 10, 2010 at 4:14 am

Posted in Pelajaran

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