Belajar Bahasa Inggris

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Lewat Internet

Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 4

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KOSAKATA

  • chat (kata kerja) = bercakap-cakap
  • comedy = komedi
  • deaf = tuli
  • fellow (person) = orang
  • fright = ketakutan (rasa takut)
  • funny = lucu
  • fuss (kata benda) = pertengkaran
  • hair (single an collectives uses) = rambut (pemakaian tunggal dan kolektif)
  • hatbox = kotak topi
  • wonder (ask one self) (kata kerja) = ingin tahu (bertanya pada diri sendiri)
  • handbag = tas
  • immediately = dengan segera
  • luggage rack = rak barang
  • miss (not hit)  (kata benda) = tidak mengenai
  • opposite = di hadapan
  • phlegmatic = bersikap dingin
  • polite = sopan
  • receipt = tanda terima
  • return (give back) = mengembalikan
  • roof = atap
  • scare (kata benda) = ketakutan
  • scene = adegan
  • smile (kata kerja) = tersenyum
  • soflty = pelan-pelan
  • thoroughly = sepenuhnya

UNGKAPAN

  • To go on (terus). Kata kerja yang mengikutinya harus berakhiran ing. Contoh: He went on speaking for two hours.
  • No turn a hair (Tidak merasa terganggu). Contoh: The strange noise frigthened me, but Mary didn’t turn a hair.
  • To aks for light (minta api). Contoh: My cigarette has gone out. Have you a light, please?

PERCAKAPAN

Harry dan Barbara sedang duduk di bangku kereta api dalam perjalanan mereka menuju London.

Barbara : Have you seen my handbag, anywheere?

Harry : There it is! You’re almost sitting on it.

Barbara : Oh, thank you! You know, there was so much fuss about the umbrella that I forgot to declare the present I bought for Peter.

Harry : That’s nothing to be so pleased about! What are you smiling at?

Barbara : Oh, the whole scene was really funny.

Harry : I don’t like that short of comedy very much. Costums officers aren’t the kind people. I like chatting with.

Barbara : I though our man was very polite. I wonder why he took your umbrella away. But I’m sure he’ll return it. He gave you receipt, didn’t he?

Harry : Yes, he gave it to me. But – (kotak topi Barbara jatuh)

Barbara : My hatbox! Oh, What a fright it gave me! It’s fallen off the luggage rack!

Harry : You’re lucky it just missed that gentleman opposite.

Barbara : I’m very sory!

Harry : (Pelan-pelan). He doesn’t answer!

Barbara : How strange theses English are! The hatbox gave me such a scare! But look, that man just goes on reading his newspaper.

Harry : The English are always phlegmatic and they never speak in trains!

Barbara : Yes, but he didn’t turn  a hair!

Harry : Speak to him again.

Barbara : You speak to him.

Harry : All right! Excuse me, sir, have you a light!

Barbara : You see, he doesn’t answer. How English!

Englishman : (Dengan keras) Eh? What? Speak louder please, I can’t hear you.

Harry : Oh dear! It isn’t just because he’s English, darling. He’s deaf!

CATATAN
SUSUNAN KATA DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS :
BEBERAPA HAL YANG SULIT

Susunan kata bahasa Inggris kurang fleksibel jika dibandingkan dengan susunan kata kebanyakan bahasa lainnya. Susunan dasar untuk kalimat positif yaitu: Subyek – Kata Kerja – Obyek. Khususnya, hubungan antara kata kerja dan obyek sangat erat. Jarang sekali kata kerja dan obyek terpisah. Pelajar-pelajar asing sering mengatakan, “I speak very badly English“, dan dalam hal khusus ini, memang benar apa yang dikatakannya, karena susunannya seharusnya, “I speak English very badly“.

Perhatikan bagaimana subyek, kata kerja, dan obyek tergabung menjadi satu dalam kalimat-kalimat ini: I don’t like that sort of comedy very much. The postman took his doog to London. The secretary typed a letter rapidly. Dalam kalimat tanya tentu saja kata kerja bantu dan subyek bertukar tempat, namun obyek dan kata kerja utama tetap menjadi satu. Have you seen my handbag anywhere?

Kata depan

Menurut pendapat kuno, dalam bahasa Inggris kata depan tidak boleh ditempatkan di akhir kalimat. Pendapat itu tidak benar. Penempatan kata depan di akhir kalimat dalam situasi-situasi seperti berikut cukup lazim:

(a) Di mana dipakai kata ganti that:

He is the man that I talked to
I chatted with
I spoked to
I pointed to
I worked for

(b) Jika suatu pertanyaan dimulai dengan kata tanya:

What are you smiling at?
are you laughing at?
Who were you talking to?
were you talking about?
were you chatting to?
were you having lunch with?

(c) Bila infinitive phase memberi sifat pada kata benda atau kata ganti.

That’s nothing to be so pleased about
to lough at
There was to ask for
to talk about

Seruan

Bertentangan dengan kata depan yang ditempatkan di akhir kalimat, kata keterangan sering ditempatkan di awal seruan. There it is! In You get! Perhatikan kata subyeknya bukan kata ganti orang, susunannya di balik. Kata kerja biasanya ditempatkan sebelum subyek. Away went the bus! Here is the book! Seruan yang diawali what mempunyai susunan tertentu pula:

What a beautiful day!
an extraordinary hat!
a pity!
lovely flowers!

Bila how mengawali seruan, kata sifat atau kata keterangan ditempatkan langsung setelah how:

How strange these English are!
well he speaks!
cold it is!
tall you are!

Obyek langsung dan tak langsung

Susunannya tidak begitu penting bila kedua obyeknya kata benda biasa. Jadi tempat obyek boleh ditukar: He sent a present to his mother atau He sent his mother a present. Tapi bila salah satu obyek berupa kata ganti, lebih baik kata ganti tersebut di dahulukan: He gave you a receipt. She asked him a question. Jika kedua obyeknya kata ganti orang, lebih baik obyek langsung didahulukan: He gave it to me. He sent it to me. Susunan kalimat itu dapat dicantumkan sebagai berikut:

He sent a present to his mother
a letter to the doctor
his son to the University
her a present
him a letter
him to the University
it to her
it to him
him to them

KATA DEPAN

Perhatikan pemakaian berikut ini:

There was so much fuss about the umbrella.
The present I bought
for Peter.
To be pleased
about something.
It fell
off the rack.

KATA KERJA TIDAK BERATURAN

PRESENT PAST PERFECT
to buy I buy I bought I have bought
to fall I fall I fell I have fallen
to read I read I read I have read
to sit I sit I sat I have sat
to speak I spoke I spoke I have spoken

LATIHAN

1. Letakkan ucapan-ucapan berikut pada kalimat-kalimat yang sesuai: Have you a light; he didn’t turn a hair; go on; what did they look like?; to get off; to get through.

  1. He ….. the train when it arrive at the station.
  2. Although the accident was terrible, the girl didn’t …..
  3. The student ….. working all night.
  4. ….. Paris ….. in the autumn.
  5. I first met my wife when she asked if I ….. at party.
  6. We could not ….. the crowd in Piccadillly Circus.

2. Letakkan kata-kata didalam kurung pada tempat-tempat yang cocok. Susunlah kembali kalimat-kalimat berikut seperlunya:

  1. He didn’t like (very much) the comedy because he did not (very well) understand.
  2. (How) he was happy when he saw getting off the bus (his girl friend).
  3. (Here) the taxi comes. Get (you) in.
  4. The house (white) (at) that I saw you looking, I (for $3000) bought.
  5. The suitcase fell the train (off) as it approach (rapidly) London.
  6. Give (please) the cigarettes and matches (me).
  7. (What) difficult a journey we had before (your house) reaching.
  8. (There) John is! Bring his coffee (him).
  9. He sent it to me dan I returned (immediately) it to him.
  10. (Of) (nothing) we have to be affraid now that you (so well) feel.

3. Isilah dengan kata depan yang cocok:

  1. Harry’s come to England ….. business.
  2. The secretary smiled ….. him in the bus.
  3. We’ve been working ….. this invention for years.
  4. People listen ….. the radio all ….. the world.
  5. I must meet him: I’ve heard so much ….. him.
  6. The lady saw her husband on the platform when she got ….. the train.
  7. The policeman prevented him ….. crossing the street.
  8. The cat ….. the roof into the street.
  9. I bought the cigarettes ….. John not ….. you.
  10. It will be difficult to get ….. that crowd.


    Written by 5jtpbln

    October 4, 2010 at 9:41 am

    Posted in Pelajaran

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