Belajar Bahasa Inggris

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Lewat Internet

Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 16

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KOSSA KATA

  • advantage = keuntungan
  • century = abad
  • client = langganan
  • demonstration = demonstrasi
  • enormously (literal and colloquial) = sangat besar (arti sebenarnya dan bahasa percapakan)
  • get used to = terbiasa
  • horrify = menakutkan, mengejutkan
  • improve = memperbaiki
  • increase (kata kerja) = memperbanyak
  • manufacturer (kata kerja) = memproduksi/membuat
  • mark (sign) (kata benda) = tanda
  • merely = hanya
  • persuade (kata kerja) = membujuk, meyakinkan
  • play (kata benda) = permainan
  • practical = praktis
  • put up (un umbrella, etc) (kata kerja) = membuka (payung)
  • research (kata benda) = hasil
  • sales = penjualan
  • see (imagine) = membayangkan
  • sign (kata benda) = tanda
  • thief = pencuri
  • touch (kata kerja) = menyentuh
  • unaided = tanpa bantuan

UNGKAPAN

  • As good a. (kata benda) (Sama bagusnya dengan) Contoh: This is a good as houses as yours.
  • To carry about. (Membaca kemana-mana). Contoh: As he is old he always carries a stick about with him.
  • To talk at cross-purposes. (Salah paham). Contoh: I couldn’t understand his English very well so we talked at cross-porpuses for some time.

PERCAPAKAN

Harry sedang diwawancarai oleh Tuan MacAndrew.

Harry : The advantage of this umbrella is that you can keep it in your pocket. Then when it rains you just take it out, press a button and there you have as good an umbrella as you can find anywhere.

MacAndrew : Anywhere? I’m sure it’s impossible to improve our umbrellas, Mr. Sallis.

Harry : Perhaps. But I wish you could watch me giving a demonstration. I merely think you could manufacture a different kind of umbrella.

MacAndrew : (Terkejut). A different kind of umbrella?

Harry : It would increase sales enormously.

MacAndrew : Mr. Sallis, I think you forget that our umbrella is a mark of respectability, the sign of gentleman. Even royalti use it. Can you really see an Englishman carrying a kind of balloon through the streets?

Harry : I think we are talking at cross-purposes, I

MacAndrew : For centuries, Mr. Sallis, our clients have put up thier umbrellas unaided —

Harry : But they might get used to inflating them.

MacAndrew : Inflating them, Mr. Sallis?

Harry : This, Mr. MacAndrew, is a question of a practical invention, not just a tradition.

MacAndrew : (Sambil berdiri). Really, Mr. Sallis, it seems I can’t make you understand. Thank you for coming but I’m really very busy ….

CATATAN
VERB + VERB

Salah satu hal yang paling sulit dalam bahasa Inggris adalah mengetahui bentuk apa yang dipakai apabila sebuah kata kerja mengikuti kata kerja lain. Perhatikan beberapa contoh kombinasi kata kerja berikut:

Verb + accusative + infinitive

Barangkali anda sudah tahu bahwa kebanyakan kata kerja, terutama kata kerja yang menyatakan bujukan/desakan, permintaan, keinginan, dan perintah yang tidak diikuti oleh bentuk pengandaian tetapi oleh bentuk “akusatif dan infinitif.”

  • I want you to go away.
  • He persuaded his friend to do it unaided.
  • The director told him to increase sales.
  • We asked our client to help us.

Verb + gerund

Barangkali anda juga sudah tahu bahwa kata-kata kerja tertentu diikuti oleh kata kerja dalam bentuk ing:

  • He finished speaking at three o’clock.
  • We all enjoyed having lunch with you.
  • They got used to living abroad.

Verb + gerund or infinitive

To like dan to love diikuti oleh infinitif bila dihubungkan dengan kegiatan khusus, dan diikuti oleh bentuk ing bila berbicara mengenai kegiatan yang lebih umum:

  • I should like to go to that play tonight. (khusus).
  • I like going to the theatre. (umum).
  • We should love to see him. (khusus).
  • We love visiting friends. (umum).

Kata-kata kerja lain menggunakan bentuk ing atau infinitif untuk menyatakan arti yang berbeda:

  • The foreigner tried to drink his tea but he couldn’t because it was too hot.
  • The foreigner tried drinking the tea and decided he didn’t like it.
  • The boy stopped listening to the music, and started work.
  • As the boy passed the concert hall, he stopped to listen to the mucic.
  • Remember (don’t forget) to post that letter when you go to the village.
  • He remembers posting that letter yesterday.

Infinitif tanpa to

Ada juga kata kerja yang menggunakan infinitif tanpa to, yaitu:

1. Kata kerja bantu: may, must, can, should, will, would, dan sebagainya.

  1. You must do this research quickly.
  2. This firm can’t manufacturer umbrellas.
  3. He shouldn’t carry all that money about.

2. Kata kerja let, make, dan have:

  1. Let me tell you.
  2. We had the waiter take the cups away.
  3. I can’t make him understand.
  4. Please let us come in.

Namun perhatikan bahwa dalam bentuk pasif make diikuti oleh to:

  • He was made to finish his work.
  • The girl was made to come home early.

Akhirnya masih ada lagi kategori kata kerja yang khusus, yaitu: kata kerja yang berhubungan dengan panca indera: see, watch, hear, feel, smell. Kata-kata ini menggunakan gerund atau infinitif tanpa to. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini: I saw him crossing the street. Sebaliknya, perhatikan kalimat ini: I saw him cross the street. Di sini kita melihat pekerjaan itu sudah selesai. Contoh-contoh lain:

  • Can you really see (imagine) an Englishman carrying a balloon through the streets?
  • I saw him steal the diamond and go away.
  • I saw him stealing the diamond and stopped him.
  • We smelt something burning.
  • The thief felt someone touch his arm.

LATIHAN

1. Tulislah dalam bentuk yang benar kata kerja dalam kurung. Di mana ada pilihan, pakailah bentuk sedang (yaitu: gerund).

  1. He wanted (see) the book I had writen.
  2. Please stop (walk) about the room and sit down.
  3. I tried (see) her yesterday but she was out.
  4. I could see him (come). When he come near he stopped (talk) to me about his brother.
  5. I could see the crowd (move) towards the square.
  6. Let me (see) what are you doing.
  7. When the director finishes (speak) we wish (ask) a question.
  8. He made her (go) although she wanted (stay) with her friends.
  9. Please remember (give) her the envelope.
  10. We heard him (say) that he disliked (go) to the office.
  11. The children enjoyed (play) at the seaside.
  12. The little boy was made (eat) his food.
  13. My client watched the shopkeeper (take) the good out of the cupboard and put them on the floor.
  14. He remembers (go) to India when he was five.
  15. Why don’t you try (work) hard if you’re broke?
  16. The policeman smelt something (burn).
  17. The thief kept (say) he hadn’t taken the bracelet.
  18. He polite or you’ll make him (go) away.
  19. The policeman saw him (steal) a letter from the box, and run away.
  20. I’ve persuaded him (help) us.

2. Ubahlah menjadi kalimat tak langsung dengan menggunakan kata kerja dan kata ganti yang terdapa dalam kurung. Contoh: “Take the book, please” (he, ask, me)  —–> He asked me to take the book.

  1. “Go and fetch your car” (she, tell, you).
  2. “Work harder in future” (he, order, us).
  3. “Stop talking all the time” (they, command, him).
  4. “Try to think more clearly’ (he, ask, him).
  5. “Remember to do your homework!” (she, tell, him).
  6. “Pay for the ticket!” (she, ask, him).
  7. “Stop drinking so much!” (he, order, us).
  8. “Come and see us” (see, ask, them).
  9. “Do what you want!” (they, tell, him).
  10. “Be kind to your friends” (he, ask, you).

 

Written by 5jtpbln

October 18, 2010 at 5:43 am

Posted in Pelajaran

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