Belajar Bahasa Inggris

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Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 17

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KOSAKATA

  • delight (kata kerja dan kata benda) = menggembirakan
  • depressed = sedih
  • independent (kata sifat) = bebas
  • occur (kata kerja) = terjadi
  • opportunity = kesempatan
  • prospose (kata kerja) = mengutarakan
  • proud = bangga
  • to be retired (kata kerja) = pensiun
  • uncertainly = ragu-ragu
  • week-end = akhir pekan

UNGKAPAN

  • Cheer up! (Bergembiralah!) Contoh: Cheer up! It isn’t as bad as it looks.
  • I daresay. (Mempunyai dua arti. Lihat catatan mengenai tata bahasa).
  • To get married. (Menikah). Contoh: We shall met married next month.
  • Congratulations! (Selamat!) Contoh: Congratulation! You’ve won a prize.
  • Not ye! (Belum). Contoh: He hasn’t bought it yet.
  • These days. (Sekarang). Contoh: Everything is more expensive these days.
  • To cheer someone up. (Menghibur seseorang). Contoh: Mary was feeling sad but John cheered her up.

PERCAKAPAN

Keluarga Salis dan Pamela sedang membicarakan kegagalan Harry dengan Tuan MacAndrew:

Barbara : Harry does seem depressed.

Peter : He should be proud of himself. He dared to propose a new idea

Pamela : And most people daren’t propose anything new. They’re affraid to! I’m sure he’ll succeed next time.

Peter : Oh, here he is!

Barbara : Hello, Harry! Cheer up! I’m sure other opportunities will occur.

Harry : I daresay. But I’ve got to find them.

Peter : Oh, you will. Anyway, we’ve got some good news.

Barbara : Have you? What?

Peter : Pamela and I are going to get married. I dare you to feel depressed after that!

Harry : Congratulations!

Barbara : (Ragu-ragu). Yes — congratulations.

Peter : You don’t seem very pleased, Mother!

Barbara : Of course I am. But have Pamela’s parent been told?

Pamela : Not yet. They know Peter of course. We thought of going to see them this week-end.

Peter : Yes, we thought we could all visit them. I daresay it will be all right. Pamela think so. We can telephone them this evening.

Barbara : You young people really are independent these days.

Pamela : Don’t worry. I know my parrents will be delighted. They retired and they love visitors. We can all drive down tomorrow or the day after.

Pater : You’ll see. We’ll have a wonderful time. This’ll cheer you up, Father. And perhaps you’ll meet someone who can help you.

CATATAN
KATA KERJA YANG LAIN

Kata kerja bantu seperti must, should, can dan sebagainya, mempunya ciri-ciri sebagai berikut:

  1. Kata kerja itu tidak perlu ditambah s untuk orang ketiga tunggal dalam waktu sekarang.
  2. Kata kerja itu tidak memerlukan to do dalam kalimat tanya dan kalimat negatif.
  3. Kata kerja yang mengikuti kata kerja itu dipakai dalam bentuk infinitif tanpa to.

Bandingkanlah kalimat-kalimat berikut:

  • The postman mustn’t come tomorrow.
  • The postman doesn’t want to come tomorrow.
  • The postman must come tomorrow.
  • The postman wants to come tomorrow.

To dare

Kara kerja to dare kadang-kadang di pakai seperti kata kerja bantu dan kadang-kadang dipakai seperti kata kerja biasa.

(a) Dalam kalimat berita dalam bahasa sehari-hari, to dare biasanya dipakai seperti kata kerja biasa dalam bentuk lampau maupun dalam bentuk sekarang:

  • He dares to challenge you.
  • He dared to propose a new idea.

(b) Dalam kalimat tanya dan kalimat negatif, to dare bisa dipakai baik seperti kata kerja biasa maupun seperti must, can, should dan sebagainya.

  • Most people daren’t propose anything new, atau Most people don’t dare to propose anything new.
  • Dare he do it unaided? atau Does he dare to do it unaided?

To dare dalam arti “menantang”

Selain berarti mempunyai keberanian untuk, to dare berarti menantang. Maka seperti want, order, ask, dan persuade, to dare juga menggunakan akusatif dan infinitif:

  • I dare you to feel depressed after such good news.
  • The boy dared her to jump from the apple tree.

I daresay

Daresay hanya dipakai untuk orang pertama tunggal. Daresay mempunyai dua arti:

(a) Daresay bisa berarti mengira atau menyangka:

  • I daresay it will be all right.
  • I daresay the butcher will bring the meat.

(b) Daresay juga bisa berarti: Betul juga. Perhatikan pemakainnya dalam percakapan.

Barbara : ……. I’m sure other opportunities will occur.
Harry    : I daresay. But I’ve got to find them.

Have got (to)

(a) Got memberi tenakan pada kata kerja to have, dipakai untuk menyatakan kepunyaan. Perhatikan bahwa dalam kalimat-kalimat berita semacam ini have sering disingkat:

  • I’ve got a car.
  • We’ve got some good news.

(b) Got juga memberi tekanan pada to have to:

  • We have got to be home at eight.
  • We haven’t got to be home at eight.
  • Have we got to be home at eight?

To think (berpikir, mengira, berpendapat, merencanakan)

Perhatikan bahwa kata kerja to think tidak diikuti oleh infinitif:

  • The King thinks that he will go abroad.
  • The Queen thought that she would go abroad.
  • We thought we could visit them.
  • The policeman thought he should help them.

DOWN AND UP

Dalam percakapan, Pamela mengatakan: We can all drive down tomorrow. Down dipakai bila seseorang menuju ke arah selatan dalam wilayah Britania Raya, atau menjauhi London atau kota besar lain: He took the train down from London. Up dipakai untuk menyatakan gerakan kebalikannya, jadi ke arah utara:

  • I’m travelling up to Edinburgh for Christmas.
  • You should go up to London tomorrow.

KATA KERJA TIDAK BERATURAN

PRESENT PAST PERFECT
to drive I drive I drove I have driven
to find I find I found I have found

LATIHAN

1. Isilah titik-titik dibawah ini dengan to bila diperlukan.

  1. I dared him …. go into the house.
  2. He didn’t dare …. make a fuss after my warning.
  3. They aren’t …. ask him again.
  4. Dare you …. go alone?
  5. Did you dare …. shoot a tiger?
  6. Mary dared me …. say I didn’t love her.
  7. They asked the police …. help them.
  8. I told him …. write to me in London.
  9. I didn’t dare …. ask another question.
  10. The captain ordered the soldiers …. shoot.

2. Tulislah kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini dengan menggunakan bentuk (a) have to dan have got to, untuk menggantikan must.

Contoh : You must persuade him.
(a) You have to persuade him.
(b) You have got to persuade him.

  1. I must tell my father.
  2. We must leave now, I’m affraid.
  3. The client must go at ten.
  4. You must start at once.
  5. I must see you tomorrow.

3. Tulislah bentuk yang betul dari kata kerja dalam kurung:

  1. She thought she (to go) shopping next day.
  2. The teacher thinks the class (to end) in ten minutes.
  3. The writter is thinking of (to live) in the country.
  4. I thought he (to seem) depressed yesterday.
  5. Do you think you (to go) out tonight?
  6. The employer thought he (to be abble) to take a holiday later.

Written by 5jtpbln

October 19, 2010 at 2:24 am

Posted in Pelajaran

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