Belajar Bahasa Inggris

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Lewat Internet

Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 18

leave a comment »

KOSAKATA

  • apologise = minta ma’af
  • apparently = rupanya
  • bill (kata benda) = rekening
  • call for (kata kerja) = memerlukan
  • compulsory = diwajibkan
  • drug (opium, dsb) (kata benda) = obat bius (candu)
  • gang = gerombolan
  • include = memasukkan
  • maid = pelayan wanita
  • otherwise = kalau tidak
  • page (in a hotel) (kata benda) = pelayan di hotel
  • parcel = paket
  • sensible service (in a hotel) (kata benda) = pelayanan (di hotel)
  • smuggle = penyelundupan
  • suspect (kata kerja) = mencurigai
  • tip (kata kerja dan kata benda) = uang persen
  • tipping = memberi uang persen

UNGKAPAN

  • Service charge. (Biaya pelayanan).
  • 50 per cent extra. (50 persen ekstra).
  • The head porter. (Kepala pelayanan).
  • Hotel Stickers. (Kode tempel dari hotel).
  • Forwarding address. (Alamat yang dituju).
  • To end up. (Mengakhiri, akhirnya). Contoh: He ate so much that he ended up feeling ill.
  • Here you are! (When giving something). {Ini! (Bila memberikan sesuatu)}. Contoh: Here you are. Take this one.
  • Who cares? (Peduli apa?). Contoh: Who cares if he comes? We can ejoy ourselves whitout him.

PERCAKAPAN

Harry dan Barbara sedang bercakap-cakap, sesaat sebelum meninggalkan hotel menuju ke rumah orang tua Pamela:

Barbara : Have you tipped the maid, Harry?

Harry : Need I? Isn’t tipping include in the bill?

Barbara : Yes. But she was very helpful.

Harry : She was, but one has to be sensible. As there’s a service charge here we needn’t give anything more. Otherwise we’ll ended up paying about fifty per cent extra.

Barbara : But I like giving when I want to!

Harry : Then you should stay at hotels where you don’t need to tip.

Barbara : All right. Have you asked the head porter for the hotel stickers?

Harry : Yes, I told him that we need at least twenty for all you luggage!

Barbara : That’s good! And did you leave a forwarding address?

Harry : Yes, sweetheart, I’ve done everything. And you? Have you forgotten anything?

Barbara : Of course, not.

Page : Mr. Sallis! Mr. Sallis!

Barbara : He’s here! Harry, you’re being called.

Harry : You needn’t tell me! I can hear.

Page : Mr. Sallis!

Harry : Yes. What is it?

Page : There’s a parcel for you here, sir. It’s just arrived. As you are leaving.

Harry : Barbara! It’s my inflatable umbrella. The Custums have sent it back!

Barbara : Wonderful!

Harry : They apologise. Apparently a gang was trying to smuggle through drugs hidden in umbrellas, and they suspected me!

Barbara : No!

Harry : Well, anyway, I’ve got it back. (Kepada pelayan). Here you are!

Page : Thank you very much indeed, sir!

Barbara : Well, that was a good tip! Service is includeed, you know.

Harry : (Tertawa). Yes – you’re right. But who cares? Of course I needn’t have given him anything. But this calls for a celebrations!

CATATAN
KATA KERJA TO NEED

Hal pertama yang harus Anda ketahui dengan jelas mengenai kata kerja to need, yaitu bahwa kata kerja ini mempunyai dua arti:

(a) To need: memerlukan, membutuhkan. To need dalam arti ini dipakai sebagai kata kerja biasa. Oleh sebab itu, kata kerja ini menggunakan do, does, did dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya:

  • Do you need a new car?
  • You don’t need a new car.
  • Did she need a new car?
  • They didn’t need a new car.

Bila need dipakai dalam arti memerlukan, kata kerja yang langsung mengikutinya harus dijadikan bentuk ing:

  • He needs helping.
  • The little boy needed looking after.

(b) To need: Harus. To need dengan arti harus jarang dipakai dalam kalimat positif. Dalam kalimat negatif dan kalimat tanya, kita bisa menggunakan need dengan atau tanpa do untuk menyatakan perbedaan arti yang hanya sedikit. Need yang dipakai dengan do, does, kebanyakan menyatakan pekerjaan yang dilakukan karena kebiasaan; need, tanpa do, does, lebih untuk menyatakan pekerjaan yang dilakukan pada kesempatan khusus.

Present

Kalimat tanya
Kebiasaan    : Do you need to smoke? It’s bad for you.
Khusus         : Need you smoke just now?
Kebiasaaan  : Does one always need to tip?
Khusus         : Need I tip the maid?

Kalimat negatif
Kebiasaan    : You should stay at hotels where you don’t need a tip.
Khusus         : As there’s a service charge we needn’t give anything.
Kebiasaaan  : As he’s not an artist he doesn’t need to paint.
Khusus         : He needn’t paint this table now.

Ingat bahwa needn’t atau don’t (doesn’t) need di sini hanya salah satu bentuk negatif dari must, yang sama dengan don’t have to. Must mempunyai dua bentuk negatif:

(a) Mustn’t bila menyatakan larangan:

  • He mustn’t take the luggage because it is hers.
  • You mustn’t do it because it is forbidden.

(b) Don’t need to, needn’t atau don’t have to, bila tidak menyatakan larangan, tetapi sekedar menujukkan bahwa ‘itu tidak perlu.’

  • He doesn’t need to take his luggage because he will be away a short time.
  • Ne needn’t take his luggage because he will be away a short time.
  • He doesn’t have to take his luggage because he will be away a short time.
  • You don’t need to come if you don’t want to.
  • You needn’t come if you don’t want to.
  • You don’t have to come if you don’t want to.

Past

Need dengan arti harus jarang dipakai dalam kalimat positif dalam waktu lampau. Kalimat tanya: Lebih umum dipakai: Did we have to?

  • Did we have to tip the maid?
  • Did we have to write those letters?

Kalimat negatif: Di sini harus dibedakan antara didn’t need to dan needn’t have. Perhatikan perbedaan antara kedua kalimat ini. Pertama: He didn’t need to give him anything, so he didn’t. Di sini, memberi tidak perlu dan tidak ada sesuatu yang berikan. Kedua: He needn’t have given him anything, but he did, nevertheless. Di sini juga tidak perlu memberi sesuatu, tapi dalam hal ini sesuatu sudah diberikan. Bandingkan kalimat-kalimat berikut ini:

  • They needn’t have come (but they did come).
  • They needn’t need to come (and they didn’t come).
  • We needn’t have worked so hard (but we did work).
  • I didn’t need to work so hard (and I didn’t work).
  • I needn’t have told him everything (I told him).
  • I didn’t need to tell him everything (and I didn’t tell him).

Future

Sekali lagi, di sini bentuk negatif adalah satu-satunya bentuk yang biasa dipakai:

  • You won’t need to take a train.
  • He won’t need to wear a suit.

Jika tidak menggunakan bentuk negatif, bentuk yang lebih lazim adalah have to:

  • He will have to give a forwarding address.
  • Will they have to pay the bill?
  • Won’t they have to send him the parcel?

KATA DEPAN

  • This calls for a celebration.
  • It is included in the bill.

LATIHAN

1. Hilangkan pengertian dari kalimat-kalimat di bawah dengan menggantikan I have to atau must dengan bentuk negatif dari need yang sesuai.

Contoh : He must work in the evening.
He needn’t work in the evening.
atau        He doesn’t need to work in the evening.

  1. You must telephone me before six o’clock.
  2. I must work harder.
  3. They always have to take their luggage with them.
  4. They had to take their own luggage, and they did.
  5. You’ll have to take the examination again.
  6. John must take taxi from the station.
  7. Mary had to go and see her aunt, but she didn’t.
  8. You will have to help with the celebration.
  9. We must pay the service charge.
  10. You will have to include a tip.

2. Pakailah needn’t have atau didn’t need to dalam kalimat-kalimat di bawah dengan menggunakan bentuk yang sesuai dari kata kerja dalam kurung, sesuai dengan artinya.

  1. …. (see) him myself so I sent a letter.
  2. You …. (send) him the bill as it was the second one he had received.
  3. She …. (bring) the lunch as he refused it when he came.
  4. The maid …. (clean) the room and had less work that morning.
  5. We …. (wake) him as he was already up.
  6. The millionare …. (give) that money away as it was spent uselessly.
  7. The clerk …. (ask) for a holiday as his employer suggested it before we did.
  8. We …. (be) so rude to him. I think we hurt him.
  9. They …. (worry) about us they knew we were strong.
  10. As it was fine when I woke up I …. (take) my umbrella to work.

3. Pakailah ungkapan-ungkapan berikut dalam kalimat-kalimat yang sesuai; ubahlah bila perlu: to call on; sooner or later; to mean a lot to someone; old-fashioned; to talk at cross-purposes; Cheer up!

  1. She didn’t like the dresses because they were very ….
  2. …. you will be sorry for what you have done.
  3. We …. Mr. Smith just before lunch but he was not at home.
  4. …. You’ve no reason to be sad.
  5. I shall never forget her! She …. me.
  6. They can never agree because they always ….


Written by 5jtpbln

October 19, 2010 at 5:29 am

Posted in Pelajaran

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: