Belajar Bahasa Inggris

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Lewat Internet

Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 23

leave a comment »

KOSAKATA

  • abroad = luar negeri
  • absub = menggelikan
  • actually = sebetulnya
  • age (kata benda) (period) = jaman (waktu)
  • bliss = kebahagiaan
  • clumsy = janggal
  • convert (kata benda) = orang yang berubah haluan
  • disappoint (kata kerja) mengecewakan
  • fair (kata benda) = pasar malam
  • guest = tamu
  • laze (around) (kata kerja) = bermalas-malasan
  • leisure = waktu senggang
  • politician = ahli politik
  • proverb = pepatah
  • relax (kata kerja) = bersantai-santai
  • rush (kata kerja) = buru-buru
  • silk = sutera
  • symbol = lambang
  • traditional = tradisional

UNGKAPAN

  • Later on. (Kemudian). Contoh: I’m busy now, but I’ll give you a ring later on.
  • This time next week. (Minggu depan pada waktu ini). Contoh: Today is Monday, This time next week is Monday.
  • We had better. (Kami lebih baik, sebaiknya). Contoh: I’ts late. We’d better go now.
  • Oh, nonsense! (Oh, omong koson!). Contoh: Oh, nonsense! That isn’t true at all.
  • To put in touch with. (Mengenalkan). Contoh: I’ll put you in touch with a friend.
  • At present. (Sekarang). Contoh: I can’t leave at present but will come in five minutes.
  • I’ll give him a ring. (Saya akan menelponnya).
  • Catles in the air (false hope). (Harapan kosong). Contoh: He is always building castles in the air about his future.
  • To get in the way. (Menghalangi atau merintangi jalan). Contoh: The dog got in the way of a car.
  • Well said! (Ya, begitu). Contoh: Well said! I agree with all you say.

PERCAPAKAN

Barbara and Harry serta Keluarga Hardcastle sedang mengobrol di halaman yang berumput.

Mr. Hardcastle : Well, now, I wonder if there’s anything special you’d like to do.

Barbara : No. It’s bliss just relaxing like this, and the sun’s actually shining.

Mr. Hardcastle : Tomorrow we’ll be going to the village fair. I hope you’ll come. Later on I thought we might drive down to the sea. But this morning we can laze around if you like.

Harry : Yes — this time next week we’ll probably be rushing round London again trying to interest people in inflatable umbrellas, so we’d better get all the leisure we can.

Mr. Hardcastle : How long will you actually be staying?

Harry : Oh, I don’t think we can stay more than three or four days.

Mrs. Hardcastle : Is that all?

Harry : Well you know the old Spanish proverb: a fish and guest both smell after three days.

Mr. Hardcastle : Oh, nonsense! I do hope you’ll stay little longer. Before you go I want to put you in touch with a friend who can certainly help you with your inflatable umbrella.

Mrs. Hardcastle : He’s away at present, isn’t he, darling?

Mr. Hardcastle : Yes, but as soon as he comes back I’ll give him a ring.

Harry : I’d love to see him when he arrives. Thank you.

Barbara : But please, darling, don’t start building castle in the air until you know he can do something. Otherwise you’ll be disappointed again.

Harry : Oh, I won’t feel disappointed this time. Now that I have got my inflatable umbrella with me I feel completely confident.

Barbara : Yes, but —

Harry : I’m so sure now that my invention is sensible and useful that I just feel anyone who doesn’t accept it is old-fashioned. Why, when one thinks of these absurb umbrellas that people still use, which have to be pushed up and down, which get in the way, which leave puddles on the floor!

Barbara : Oh, Harry, you’re beginning to sound like a polictician!

Mr. Hardcastle : No — I think he’s quite right. In the crowded city our traditional umbrellas really are clumsy and ridiculous. And to think that abroad they’re supposed to be one of the symbol of life in England!

Harry : Well said, my friend! You’re my first English convert. I shall reward you in time with a beautiful silk umbrella, inflatable and printed with your name.

CATATAN
BENTUK SEDANG AKAN DATANG

Bentuk sedang sekarang dan bentuk sedang lampau dipakai untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang sedang berlangsung pada suatu waktu tertentu sekarang atau pada waktu lampau. Demikian juga bentuk sedang akan datang, yang melukiskan sesuatu yang sedang berlangsung pada suatu waktu tertentu, pada waktu yang akan datang:

  • I shall be speaking to you in five minutes.
  • When you come the secretary will be working.
  • This time next week we shall be rushing round London.
  • Next month we shall be lazing around at the seaside.

Waktu yang akan datang, yang tidak dipengaruhi oleh keinginan

Bentuk sedang sekarang bisa dipakai untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang segera akan terjadi. Misalnya: I am going to Oxford tomorrow. Demikian juga bentuk sedang akan datang dapat dipakai untuk menyatakan waktu yang akan datang yang tidak dipengaruhi oleh keinginan perorangan. Bentuk ini biasanya menyatakan sesuatu yang jauh di masa depan, lebih jauh daripada bentuk sedang sekarang. Bandingkan:

  • I’m seeing him tonight.
  • I’ll be seeing him next month.

Bentuk akan datang dipakai dengan cara ini terutama bila membicarakan rencana-rencana yang telah selesai disusun.

  • Tomorrow we’ll be going to the village fair.
  • Next year we’ll be taking our holiday in June.

Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang bukan bersifat pribadi

Bila kita ingin mengutarakan pertanyaan yang bukan merupakan permintaan pribadi, kita bisa menggunakan bentuk sedang akan datang. Bandingkan:

Will you telephone her tomorrow? (Permintaan).
Will you be telephoning her tomorrow? (Pertanyaan yang bukan bersifat pribadi).

Dalam percakapan Tuan Hardcastle bertanya kepada Harry:

How long will you be staying?

Di sini Tuan Hardcastle tidak ingin mengungkapkan bahwa ia minta supaya Harry tinggal atau berusaha mengetahui apakah Harry ingin tinggal di rumahnya; maka ia menggunakan pertanyaan yang bukan bersifat pribadi. Perhatikan contoh-contoh lainnya:

  • When will he be arriving?
  • Will you be teaching us tomorrow?
  • Will you be taking our child for a walk this afternoon?

KATA PENGHUBUNG SEMENTARA

Ingat bahwa kita tidak pernah menggunakan bentuk akan datang di belakang apa yang kita sebut kata penghubung sementara: before, when, until, as soon, as, after. Walaupun artinya mungkin akan datang, yang dipakai bentuk sekarang:

  • As soon as he comes back I’ll give him a ring.
  • I’d love to see him when he arrived.
  • Don’t build castle in the air until you know something about it.
  • We shall finish it before he comes.

After bisa juga menggunakan bentuk selesai sekarang dalam keadaan yang serupa:

  • We shall do it after he comes.
  • We shall do it after he has comes.

Perhatikan bahwa had better menggunakan infinitif tanpa to.

  • We’d better ge all the leisure we can.

KATA DEPAN

  • The tourist rushed round London, trying to see it in two days.

LATIHAN

1. Berikut ini tulislah lagi dengan menggunakan bentuk sedang akan datang:

  1. I’m coming to see you next week.
  2. We’re travelling by car.
  3. I leave tomorrow.
  4. Will you write to the secretary?
  5. They’re having their holiday in June this year.
  6. My parents are spending thier holiday in Venice.
  7. Will you come next year?
  8. We shall wait for you at the station.
  9. The clerk will relax at home.
  10. Her boy friend is giving her a ring next week.

2. Berikut ini buatlah menjadi pertanyaan yang bukan bersifat pribadi dengan menggunakan bentuk sedang:
Contoh: Are you going to stay to tea?  —-> Will you be staying to tea?

  1. How are you going to travel?
  2. When are you going to have lunch?
  3. Where are solicitor?
  4. When is your father going to return?
  5. Are you going to see a solicitor?
  6. Are you going to sell him some silk?
  7. Shall we meet at the fair?
  8. Will you buy some sunflowers?
  9. Will they give a demonstration to their client?
  10. Are you going to see the play?

3. Ubahlah kata-kata kerja berikut ke dalam bentuk yang betul (bentuk sekarang atau bentuk akan datang):

  1. He (to work) in the garden when you (to arrive) tomorrow.
  2. My brother (to start) his work as soon as you (to leave).
  3. We (to stay) in London. That is our plan.
  4. I (to tell) him everything before he (to eat) his lunch.
  5. Until your father (to left) us go we can’t do anything.
  6. As soon as we (to catch) the hen we shall cook it. My cousin (to rush) round London as soon he (to arrive) from France.
  7. Your new convert (to feel) very sad if you disappoint him.

 

Written by 5jtpbln

October 22, 2010 at 8:46 am

Posted in Pelajaran

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: