Belajar Bahasa Inggris

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Belajar Bahasa Inggris – Pelajaran 30

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KOSAKATA

  • agreeable = menyenangkan
  • carriage (railway) = gerbong (kereta api)
  • casualty = korban
  • change (kata benda) = selingan
  • compartment (railway carriage) = kompartemen (gerbong kereta api yang dilengkapi dengan tempat tidur)
  • complex (psychology) (n. plural : -es) = kompleks (ilmu jiwa) (kata benda. jamak: -es)
  • crash (kata benda dan kata kerja) = tabrakan
  • dread (kata kerja) = sangat takut
  • engine (train) = lokomotif (kereta api)
  • envy (kata kerja dan kata benda) = iri hati
  • flag (kata benda) = bendera
  • guard (railway) (kata benda) = petugas (kereta api)
  • line (railway) (kata benda) = jalan kereta api (kereta api)
  • neurosis (n., plural: -es) = neurosis (kata benda. jamak: -es)
  • rails (railway) (kata benda) = rel (kereta api)
  • safe (kata sifat) = aman
  • search for (kata benda dan kata kerja) = mencari
  • spend (time) (kata benda) = melewatkan (waktu)
  • van (railway) (kata benda) = gerbong barang
  • wave (kata kerja) = melambaikan

UNGKAPAN

  • Ever since. (Since then). {Sejak (waktu) itu)} Contoh: I was there five years ago and ever since I’ve wanted to go back.
  • A way of doing something. (Cara melakukan sesuatu). Contoh: I don’t like his slow way of speaking.
  • To see someone off. (Mengantarkan seseorang). Contoh: She saw him off at the station last night.
  • To make a difference. (Memperdulikan). Contoh: Go where you like this afternoon. It doesn’t make any difference.
  • To be as safe as houses. (Aman sekali). Contoh: Don’t worry! This boat is as safe as houses.
  • To make use of. (Mempergunakan). Contoh: If you want to succeed you must make use of your opportunities.
  • To be off. (Berangkat. Kata ini artinya hampir sama dengan to be tobe getting along, Pelajaran 28).

PERCAKAPAN

Tuan Hardcastle beserta istrinya sedang mengantarkan Harry, Barbara, Peter dan Pamela di stasiun kereta api.

Harry : Well, thank you very much. We’ve spent three happy days with you.

Mr. Hardcastle : It’s certainly been a great pleasure to have you. We’re not really used to seeing many visitor and this has been a most agreeable change.

Mrs. Hardcastle : I hope you have a nice journey, although I don’t envy you.

Harry : You don’t like travelling? Didn’t you use to go abroad before you retired?

Mr. Hardcastle : Not by rail if I could help it — although we used to travel quite a lot when we were younger. But for some years ago and ever since she’s dreaded the though of the train journey. Writers must have their neuroses, you know.

Mrs. Hardcastle : Oh, it isn’t that —

Harry : What happened?

Mr. Hardcastle : It was one of those slow country lines and the engine ran into a cow at about five miles an hour and came off the rails. However, the carriages were all right. One compartement was damage but luckily no one was in it. There were no casualties — apart from the cow.

Mrs. Hardcastle : No, of course it was nothing. But we get so used to thinking that accidents can’t happen to us. And then one does happen —

Mr. Hardcastle : This is hardly a cheerful way of seeing you off.

Harry : Oh, no — it doesn’t make any difference to us. I still think that trains are as safe as houses.

Mrs. Hardcastle : I never used to worry. I’m sure you won’t. (Kereta Api berhenti.)

Harry : Here it comes.

Mr. Hardcastle : Well, goodbye. Have a wonderful time in London. I hope you make good use of Davidson’s introduction, Harry. Good luck to you too, Peter. With your search for a job.

Barbara : I didn’t know you were trying to get a job in England, Peter.

Peter : Didn’t you?

Mrs. Hardcastle : Is your luggage all right?

Harry : Yes, the poter’s putting it in the van.

Mrs. Hardcastle : I think you’ll be off in minute.

Mr. Hardcastle : Yes, the guard’s waving his flag. (Whistle).

Harry : Thank you so much once again. (Kereta api berangkat).

Mr. and Mrs. Hardcastle : Goodbye!

 

CATATAN
TO USE

To use, adalah sebuah kata kerja yang mudah dimengerti. Namun perhatikan pengucapan ‘s’-nya: selalu diucapkan seperti pada is, was, has.

  • The guard used a red flag at the station.

Kalau dipakai sebagai kata benda, ‘s’ diucapkan seperti pada bus, miss.

  • The use of a red flag is frequent at stations.

Berikut ini beberapa ungkapan dengan kata benda use. Satu di antara yang paling umum yaitu to make use of. Perbedaan yang hanya sedikit dengan kata kerja to use bisa dilihat dalam kalimat-kalimat berikut:

  • He used a ladder to reach the light.
  • He made use of a chair to reach the light.

Yang sangat sukar bagi pelajar-pelajar asing yaitu perbedaan di antara used to, dan to be used to. Marilah kita membahas kedua kata kerja itu.

USED TO

1.  Menyatakan kebiasaan pada waktu lampau.
2. Diucapkan dengan ‘s’ seperti pada bus.
3. Harus diikuti oleh infinitif.
4. Hanya mempunyai satu bentuk: bentuk lampau. Tidak mempunyai bentuk sekarang maupun akan datang:

  • I used to go to shcool in France.
  • They used to walk in the garden every morning.
  • We used to travel quite a lot.

Jika kita akan menyatakan kebiasaan yang dilakukan pada masa kini atau masa yang akan datang, kita hanya menggunakan bentuk kata kerja yang tepat:

  • I go school in France.
  • They will in the garden every morning, when they come here next July.

5. Bentuk negatif dan pertanyaan: dari segi tata bahasa adalah sebagai berikut:

  • Used you to go to school?
  • I usedn’t to go to shcool.
  • Usedn’t you to go to school?

Tetapi bentuk-bentuk ini tidak populer dalam bahasa Inggris sehari-hari, kecuali I usedn’t to. Kini bentuk-bentuk tersebut cenderung diganti dengan did use, ‘s’ di sini diucapkan seperti pada bus, atau menggunakan never:

  • Did he use to change his car every year?
  • Didn’t you use to go abroad before you retired?
  • I didn’t use to walk in the garden every morning.
  • I never used to do my homework.

TO BE USED TO

Kata itu sama dengan to be accustomed to (terbiasa dengan). Arti yang terutama dari kata kerja tersebut bukanlah kebiasaan, tapi lebih sebagai penyesuaian, biasanya dengan sesuatu yang aneh atau tidak menyenangkan.

1. Tidak seperti used to, to be accustomed to dan to be used to bisa dipakai dalam segala waktu dan bisa di ikuti oleh kata benda:

  • I was used (accustomed) to the cold weather.
  • I am used (accustomed) to the rain.

2. Kata kerja di belakang to be used to haruslah dalam bentuk ing:

  • We’re not really used to seeing many visitors.
  • Are you used to speaking to a lot of people?
  • They’re not used to traveling by air.

3. Kata yang sejenis to be to yaitu to get used to atau to grow used to, juga diikuti oleh sebuah kata bentuk atau bentuk ing. Karena kata-kata itu dibentuk oleh kata kerja biasa, yaitu get dan grow, maka bentuk negatif dan pertanyaan menggunakan do, does, did:

  • You get used to thingking that accidents can’t happen to you.
  • We didn’t grow used to the noise.
  • Did you get used to bathing in such cold water?

KATA DEPAN

  • A search for something.
  • To travel by rail/train/aeroplane, etc.
  • To come off the rails.
  • To run into a cow.

LATIHAN

1. Isikan kata-kata berikut ke dalam kalimat-kalimat yang tepat: to use; to be used to; used to. Sesuaikan dengan artinya.

  1. You have to …… you inteligence to answer that question.
  2. I …… work in London but I now work in Birmingham.
  3. She …… be a very good poet.
  4. Mary …… hard work.
  5. If you …… a ladder you reach it.
  6. I’m not …… getting up so early.
  7. Dr. Smith …… be a very good tennis player.
  8. The girl who …… to live here has now gone away.
  9. The …… living here, now, but they found it very difficult at first.
  10. Keep trying and you’ll soon …… it.
  11. He …… envy his brother very much.
  12. Can we …… your premises for a dance tomorrow?
  13. The guard …… travelling in the van, now.
  14. When we were children we …… dread the dark.
  15. Peter …… writing business letters.

2. Isilah dengan phrasa yang tepat diambil dari percapakan.

  1. We’re all here …… John.
  2. I’ll …… you at the station in the morning.
  3. Don’t worry, these aeroplane are ……
  4. I like going by road but its quicker to go ……
  5. The driver didn’t see the wall and …… it.
  6. We should …… at 6.30.
  7. A psychologist will cure you …… and ……
  8. You must come again. It’s been …… to have you.

 

Written by 5jtpbln

November 1, 2010 at 9:44 am

Posted in Pelajaran

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